Meis, also known as Kızılhisar Island, is the only island of Greece in the Mediterranean. The island is a Mediterranean island in the Eastern Mediterranean, connected to Greece's Dodecanese (Dodekanesos), only 2.1 km away from Antalya's Kaş district. It is possible to make daily trips to the island from Kas center, with Xanthos Travel tours .
The only settlement on the island, Kastellorizo (Megisti or Meis), St. It is the distorted form of the name Château-Roux (Red Castle) that the Knights of Jean gave to the island because of the red rocks here. St. After the Knights of Jean, the island was dominated by Egypt, Naples and the Ottoman Empire in 1512, respectively. The Ottomans held the island in their hands until 1915 except for short intervals. Captured by the French during World War I, the island was given to Italy with the Treaty of Lausanne (1923). II. After the World War (1948), it was attached to Greece together with the Dodecanese.
Studies show that Meis Island was ruled by Rhodes during the Hellenistic Period. The island was first colonized by nomadic tribes of Greek origin, Indian / European origin, called Dorians.
On the island, where a small amount of grapes and olives are grown, the most important activity is sponge fishing. The island, whose shores are extremely jagged and steep, can only be entered from the east coast. The only settlement is Kastellorizo (Megisti) village on this coast.
There is a ferry and airline connection with Rhodes. Apart from that, it is possible to go to the city of Meis by ferries departing from Kaş district of Antalya every day. There is an airport on the island. There are only bus services between the airport and Megisti on the island.
The population is 406 according to the census in 2000. However, this number can rise to 1000 in the summer. All 406 people with a permanent population live in the village of Meis (Megisti in the Ottoman Empire period), which is also the largest settlement on the island.
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